Texting while driving increases risk of crashing

NEW YORK: Don’t text while driving as a new study suggests that doing so increases the risk of a crash much more than talking or listening on a mobile phone.
The Virginia Tech Transportation Institute said texting while driving “increases the risk of a crash much more than previous studies have concluded with motorists taking their eyes off the road longer than they do when talking or listening on their cell phones.”

The institute used cameras to continuously observe light vehicle drivers and truckers for more than 6 million miles. It found that when drivers of heavy trucks texted, their collision risk was 23 times greater than when not texting, local media reported.
Dialing a cell phone and using or reaching for an electronic device while driving increased risk of collision about six times in cars and trucks, the study said.

Recent research using driving simulators suggested that talking and listening were as dangerous as texting, but the “naturalistic driving studies clearly indicate that this is not the case,” the local media quoted a release from the institute as saying.

“The risks of texting generally applied to all drivers, not just truckers,” the researchers said.

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70m diabetics in India by 2015: Study

CHENNAI: India, already the diabetic capital of the world, is heading towards a diabetic explosion, with 70 million people to be affected by 2015, a decade ahead of expectations. Fuelling the alarming trend is the rise in diabetes prevalence in rural areas.
The unexpected surge has forced the Diabetes Atlas, a global report on the disorder, to plan a revision of the India-specific numbers in October. ���A recent study we did in Chennai and Kancheepuram shows an increase in prevalence of 40% in urban areas in six years, and 49% in rural areas in three years. This proves the general hypothesis of diabetes affecting more urbanites than rural people wrong,��� says Indian Diabetes Research Foundation president Dr A Ramachandran.

According to Diabetes Atlas published in 2007, there are 246 million diabetics across the world, with 80% of them in the developing and underdeveloped countries. India, according to these statistics, has 40.9 million diabetics, closely followed by China with 39.8 million diabetics. It was predicted that by 2025, India will have 69.9 million people and China will have 59.3 million people with diabetics.
���When the atlas was released, the hypothesis was that the prevalence in cities was higher than in rural areas. Now it looks like there is a change. We need to see how many states in India show the same trend. That will help us revise the policies and strategies to battle diabetes,��� says Ramachandran, who is to be part of the committee working out the revised data.

The shift, according to Endocrine Diagnostic Centre and Diabetes Care Centre medical director Dr S Murthy, is possibly because of the urbanisation of rural areas. ���Changing lifestyles and gentic factors lead to metabolic disorders,��� he says. Dr V Mohan, who heads the Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, says the country is now at a crossroads and the gap between urban-rural incidence of the disorder is decreasing. ���It happens differently in different places. In Kerala, the incidence is already higher in rural areas,��� he says.

Dr Anoop Misra, who heads the department of diabetology at Fortis Hospital in Delhi says a country-wide study is required before revision. ���No formula evolved to extrapolate a region-specific study will be error-free. The incidence is increasing in some rural areas, but that may be true only of Delhi, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, AP, Karnataka and West Bengal.

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UV radiation blinding rural folk, finds study

CHENNAI: Why is every alternate person in rural India above the age of 40 blinded by cataract when only one in five in cities has the disease? This was the question that troubled a group of researchers at Sankara Nethralaya in the city nearly two years ago. Today, they have an answer exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
The team, comprising optometrists and ophthalmologists, found that though the level of ultraviolet radiation was higher in Chennai than in neighbouring Tiruvallur due to pollution, ocular exposure to these rays was higher in the rural areas than in the city, increasing the risk.

“Our study shows that it’s clearly because of the lifestyle changes most city residents have adopted,” said Dr Ronnie George, consultant, Sankara Nethralaya. Screening the profiles of over 800 people equally divided in urban and rural areas the team calculated “the lifetime ocular UV exposure” in rural and urban areas.
“The study proved that no matter where they are or what they do agriculture, poultry or construction labour hats and/or sunglasses are required to block ultraviolet rays from the eye. It has got to do more with common sense than style,” he said.

Arivunidhi K, 47, an agricultural labourer who was operated for cataract in June, understands this very well. “Almost every working member of my family has disease. It progressed faster in my wife and she was operated last year,” he said. While Arivunidhi and his wife Kalaiselvi are among the few lucky ones, many aren’t.

A cataract is a clouding of the lens. India is now home to more than 15 million blind, the bulk of which is due to cataract and therefore reversible. A recent study on cataract conducted by the hospital, in which 7,774 patients were screened, showed that nearly 50% of rural citizens above 40 years were affected. In the urban areas, nearly 20% were affected.

Cataracts are classified according to where they occur. The cataract linked to ultraviolet exposure is the cortical cataract and forms in the outer layer of the lens. People with higher lifetime ocular exposure were more at risk for this type of cataract than those with the lowest exposure.

Lifetime ocular exposure is calculated with formulae the scientists developed based on an individual’s case history, including profession, hours of stay in the sun and place of residence. The hospital sourced the dosage of ultraviolet radiation from Tropospheric Emission Monitoring Systems. According to the international initiative that studies ozone depletion, the UV index in Tiruvallur was 6.9 and in Chennai 7.1.

Since January, the team also measured the extent of ultraviolet radiation in Chennai and the neighbouring districts. “We exposed polysulfone strips, which are capable of absorbing the UV flux from sunlight, and then read the measurement under a collimator, a device that narrows a beam of particles or waves. The gap between the city and the rural areas was evident in this as well,” said Rashima Asokan, an optometrist.

Studies have shown that extensive exposure to sunlight, particularly ultraviolet B radiation, could increase the risk of a major form of cataracts, besides skin cancer. UV-A radiation is more associated with tanning of the skin.

Going by the radiation level, Chennai should have been at a greater risk. “‘We looked at the wherefore, not the why,” Dr George said. The analysis gave the answers. The lifetime ocular exposure for an urbanite was 1.32 against 3.16 for those in the rural areas.

That clearly explained why people in rural areas got the disease at least five years earlier than their counterparts in the city or why the incidence was more than double.

“Where there is enough sun to give sunburns, it’s only wise to block the sun. If glasses are not affordable, we would prescribe at least a hat,” said Rashima.

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ओटीसी ईसी और गर्भपात की गोलियां मासिक धर्म की समस्याओं का कारण बनती हैं

क्या वह गर्भवती थी या नहीं? 21 साल की सुकृति कुमार साकेत में डॉ। विशाखा मुंजाल के पास जवाब के लिए गईं। कॉर्पोरेट इंटर्न ने कुछ सप्ताह पहले एक पार्टी में पत्थरबाजी की थी और याद नहीं था कि क्या वह और उसका साथी उस रात सेक्स करते थे। मैं बहुत नशे में था मुझे कभी महसूस नहीं हुआ कि क्या हुआ, she क्या उसने डॉक्टर को बताया है। आपातकालीन गर्भनिरोधक (ईसी) की गोलियां लेने से परिचित होने के बाद, उसके पीरियड्स शुरू होने के बाद उसे ज्यादा चिंता नहीं थी। लेकिन बाद में, Sukriti को एक संदेह था कि अत्यधिक रक्तस्राव होने पर कुछ सही नहीं था। [१ ९ ४५ ९ ००२] स्त्रीरोग विशेषज्ञ युवा वयस्क महिलाओं में मासिक धर्म संबंधी जटिलताओं के ऐसे मामलों में एक तेज कील संभाल रहे हैं जो मनमाने ढंग से और बार-बार ओटीसी ईसी गोलियों और गर्भपात की गोलियों का उपयोग कर रहे हैं (४५ दिन तक के भ्रूण के लिए)। इंटरनेट पर खुराक की जाँच करें, अपनी गणना करें। परिणामों को न समझते हुए, वे अधूरे गर्भपात के साथ उतरते हैं। डॉ। शिल्पी तिवारी कहते हैं कि वे बेकाबू रक्तस्राव के बारे में डरते हैं, या उनके पीरियड्स नहीं आते हैं, यह कहते हुए कि उनके 50% से अधिक ग्राहक 18 से 20 आयु वर्ग में हैं, सभी गोली से संबंधित जटिलताओं के साथ हैं। [19659002] आई-पिल और अनवांटेड 72 जैसे व्यापक रूप से विज्ञापित ईसी लोकप्रिय हैं। हालाँकि, वे आपात स्थिति में नहीं बल्कि आकस्मिक गर्भनिरोधक के रूप में उपयोग किए जा रहे हैं। ,जब आप अपने प्रेमी के साथ हैं, तो आप कंडोम का उपयोग नहीं करना चाहते हैं, D डी बीना, एक 21 वर्षीय नौकरी-शिकार स्नातक कहते हैं। जटिलताओं? TimesAt बार। लेकिन आप बिना कंडोम के सेक्स करना पसंद करते हैं, a वह दोहराती है। ऐसे मामलों में, यह बचाव के लिए ईसीएस है। बार-बार उपयोग? Feel कुछ वजन डाल दिया, दूसरों को सही नहीं लगता। लेकिन शरीर को इसकी आदत हो जाती है, body वह कहती है।

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Men who do household chores more likely to marry

LONDON: Men who do household chores are more likely to marry a girl of their choice, and since British men are happy doing these chores, they score high, according to a study conducted by the University of Oxford.
The study suggests that if you want to settle down, your chances of getting married or living with someone are probably highest in Britain, the Scandinavian countries and the United States, where men more likely than their Australian counterparts to do the household chores and thereby make marriage a more attractive option to their nations’ women.

According to an Oxford economist, marriage and cohabiting rates in developed countries can be linked to attitudes towards the roles of men and women, and views on who is responsible for doing the housework and looking after the children.
Both men and women have shown they are more likely to want a live-in relationship with the opposite sex if they think their partner will do a share of the housework and childcare duties.

The study constructs an ‘egalitarian index’ of 12 developed countries, based on responses to questionnaires about gender, housework and childcare responsibilities.

Norway and Sweden top the egalitarian index, with Britain in third place, followed by the United States.

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डेन्चर क्यों? नए दांत उगाएं

लंदन: जापान में वैज्ञानिकों ने स्टेम सेल से दांत उगाने में कामयाबी हासिल की है, एक ऐसा विकास जो डेन्चर को निरर्थक बना सकता है। [१ ९ ४५ ९ ००२] टोक्यो विश्वविद्यालय के शोधकर्ता, एक दांत उगाने में सफल हुए, बीज का एक ऊतक जैसा टुकड़ा जिसमें एक दांत बनाने के लिए आवश्यक कोशिकाएं और निर्देश होते हैं, जिसे उन्होंने तब प्रत्यारोपित किया। एक चूहे के जबड़े। [१ ९ ६५ ९ ००२] जानवरों के शरीर में हार्मोन ने भी प्रत्यारोपण पर प्रतिक्रिया दी और दांतों को बढ़ने में मदद की। [१ ९ ४५ ९ ००२] studyयह अध्ययन एक ऐसी तकनीक को प्रदर्शित करता है जिससे बायोइन्जीनियर ऑर्गन रिप्लेसमेंट का विकास हो सकता है, जो संभावित रूप से स्टेम सेल या अन्य रोगाणु कोशिकाओं से शरीर के अंदर नए, पूरी तरह से कार्यात्मक बायोइन्जीनियर अंगों को विकसित करने की क्षमता प्रदान करता है,] ने कहा कि अध्ययन का नेतृत्व करने वाले तकाशी त्सूजी ने जर्नल प्रोसीडिंग्स ऑफ द नेशनल एकेडमी ऑफ साइंसेज में रिपोर्ट की। डेली टेलीग्राफ ने मंगलवार को बताया कि तकनीक को अन्य अंगों के लिए भी अनुकूलित किया जा सकता है, जिससे दिल, फेफड़े और किडनी को शरीर के अंदर उगाया जा सकता है, ताकि वे कम उम्र में खराब हो चुके या बीमारी से ग्रसित भागों को बदल सकें।

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Breast cancer cases surge as cervical dips

NEW DELHI: The good news: fewer women in India now suffer from cervical cancer – counted among the worst of killers. The bad news: breast cancer cases have shot up alarmingly, across the country.
A landmark analysis of cancer cases in Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Bangalore between 1982-2005 (24 years) by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has found that while cervical cancer cases dipped, in some cases by almost 50%, the incidence of breast cancer doubled. And, the trends contained in ICMR’s yet-to-be-released report `Time Trends in Cancer Incidence Rates (1982-2005)’, were universal in all four cities.

In case of cervical cancer, this is how the cases have dropped: In 1982, Bangalore reported 32.4 new cases of cervical cancer in women per 100,000 population every year. The number dipped to 27.2 in 1991, 17 in 2001 and 18.2 in 2005.
Delhi, whose records are available from 1988, saw 25.9 new cases of cervical cancer per 100,000 population the same year. It then dipped to 19.1 in 1998 and then to 18.9 in 2005.

Mumbai, which recorded 17.9 new cases of cervical cancer per 100,000 population in 1982, recorded 12.7 new cases in 2005.

Chennai recorded a fall of almost 50% in cases of cervical cancer in this period of 24 years. In 1982, Chennai recorded 41 cases per 100,000 population; nearly a decade later, in 1991, Chennai’s figure of new cases dipped to 33.4. In 2005, new cases fell further to 22 per 100,000 population.

Caused by the Human Papiloma Virus (HPV), cervical cancer is often called the poor woman’s disease. It was earlier believed that cervical cancer was most common in India, with more than 1.3 lakh new cases reported each year and 74,000 women dying annually from the disease.

While Bangalore saw breast cancer cases more than double since 1982 – 15.8 in a population of one lakh in 1982 to 32.2 in 2005 – Chennai recorded 33.5 new cases of breast cancer in 2005 against 18.4 in 1982.

Delhi recorded 24.8 new cases of breast cancer a year per 100,000 women which rose to 32.2 in 2005. Mumbai recorded 20.8 new cases of breast cancer per 100,000 population in 1982 which increased by almost 10% in 2005.

ICMR director general and secretary of the department of health research Dr V M Katoch told TOI, “The decline in cases of cancer cervix has been seen across all cancer registries. Factors like late age of marriage and fewer children could be responsible for the decline.”

Chief of medical oncology at AIIMS and head of the Delhi Cancer Registry Dr Vinod Raina told TOI, “Increasing number of women are now delivering in institutions which has greatly improved their personal hygiene. Women now marry late and give birth to fewer children, all of which have led to a dip in cervical cancer cases.”

Ironically, these are the same factors, according to Dr Raina, which has increased breast cancer rates in India.

“Western lifestyle, increased consumption of fat products, obesity, late marriages, delayed child bearing and less number of children being conceived leading to reduced breastfeeding and use of some contraceptives, are all believed to be behind this increased risk of breast cancer. This cancer is also inevitable with an ageing population,” he added.

Dr Raina, however, was quick to say that breast cancer rate in India was much less than that in the West which records around 100 new cases per 100,000 population every year.

According to Dr Katoch, the report depicts changes in the incidence rates of cancer and is the first for any chronic disease in India.

Certain anatomical sites of cancer have shown a significantly steady increase across all registries, breast cancer being one of them. “This data will now help galvanize India’s health system and tell us how we can improve diagnostic capabilities and specialists in some types of cancer affecting Indians most,” Dr Katoch said.

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होम्योपैथी स्वाइन फ्लू का इलाज कर सकती है, चिकित्सक का दावा है

मुंबई: एक समय में देश H1N1 वायरस से जूझ रहा है और टैमीफ्लू टैबलेट को एकमात्र समाधान माना जाता है, एक प्रसिद्ध चिकित्सा व्यवसायी ने आज दावा किया कि लोगों को स्वाइन फ्लू के लिए होम्योपैथी में एक लागत प्रभावी उपचार हो सकता है। बत्रास पॉजिटिव क्लिनिक के अध्यक्ष और प्रबंध निदेशक डॉ। मुकेश बत्रा ने कहा, “19459002]” स्वाइन फ्लू के इलाज के लिए लोग कुछ प्रभावी और चिकित्सकीय रूप से साबित हो चुकी होम्योपैथिक दवाओं को ले सकते हैं। [१ ९ ६५ ९ ००२] बत्रा ने स्वाइन फ्लू की रोकथाम के लिए `ओसिलोकॉकिनियम 30 'और` इन्फ्लुएंजियम 200' की सिफारिश की और साथ ही फ्लू के प्रति आम लोगों में प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली में सुधार किया। बत्रा ने कहा, “19459002]” होम्योपैथी दवा 'जेल्सेमियम 30' एक दशक पहले फ्रांस में स्वाइन फ्लू के उपचार में प्रभावी साबित हुई है और ब्रिटिश जर्नल ऑफ क्लिनिकल मेडिसिन में भी इसकी सूचना दी गई है। [१ ९ ६५ ९ ००२] इसी तरह, war ब्रायोनिया 30 ’के साथ 1917-18 के युद्ध काल में स्पेन में स्वाइन-फ्लू का इलाज किया गया था और यह कारगर साबित हुआ। [१ ९ ४५ ९ ००३] स्पेनिश फ्लू के मामले में, होम्योपैथी ने मृत्यु दर को ३० प्रतिशत से एक प्रतिशत तक लाया, उन्होंने दावा किया। [१ ९६५ ९ ००४]

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Now, an HIV blocking gel for women

WASHINGTON: Scientists have developed a “molecular condom”, which they claim is actually a vaginal gel that would help protect women from contracting the deadly HIV during sexual intercourse.
According to them, before sex, women would have to insert the vaginal gel that turns semisolid in the presence of semen, trapping AIDS virus particles in a microscopic mesh so they can’t infect vaginal cells.

“The first step in the complicated process of HIV infection in a woman is the virus diffusing from semen to vaginal tissue. We want to stop that first step. We’ve created the first vaginal gel designed to prevent movement of the AIDS virus. This is unique. There’s nothing like it.
“We did it to develop technologies that can enable women to protect themselves against HIV without approval of their partner,” said lead scientist Prof Patrick Kiser of the University of Utah.

According to the scientists, due to cultural and socioeconomic factors, women often are unable to negotiate the use of protection with their partner.

“So we developed a vaginal gel that a woman could insert a few hours before sex and could detect the presence of semen and provide a protective barrier between the vaginal tissue and HIV. We wanted to build a gel to stop HIV from interacting with vaginal tissue.

“It flows at a vaginal pH, and the flow becomes slower and slower as pH increases, and it begins to act more solid at the pH of semen,” co-scientist Julie Jay said.

The scientists estimate that if all goes well, human tests of the gel would start in three to five years, and the gel would reach the market in several more years.

The findings of their experiment testing the behaviour of the vaginal gel and showing how it traps AIDS-causing HIV particles are to be published in the upcoming edition of the ‘Advanced Functional Materials’ journal.

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New wave of Swine flu could sicken millions

WASHINGTON: As India and other countries grapple with the Swine flu, experts here warned that a new wave of the deadly virus is ready to explode and could sicken millions.
Its rapid spread would dominate the proceedings of the North American Leaders’ Summit being held in the Mexican city of Guadalajara.

Health authorities and experts here have warned governments across the world that the new wave of swine flu could badly hit people in the poor and least-prepared parts of the globe.
“The virus is still around and ready to explode,” William Schaffner, an influenza expert at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine who advises federal health officials, was quoted as saying by The Washington Post. “We’re potentially looking at a very big mess,” he said.

Officials of the Obama Administration said the North America Leader’s Summit would discuss the issue and their collective effort to tackle it. “We will focus on preparation for responding to the H1N1 and the North American flu season,” the National Security Advisor, General (retired) James Jones, told reporters while briefing them on the summit.

“Everybody recognises that H1N1 is going to be a challenge for all of us, and there are people who are going to be getting sick in the fall and die,” John O Brennan, the Deputy National Security Advisor said, adding that the issue presents a significant public health challenge to the US.

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